Windows Tips & Tricks UPDATE, July 28, 2003, —brought to you by the Windows & .NET Magazine Network and the Windows 2000 FAQ site
http://www.windows2000faq.com


This Issue Sponsored By

Argent Software
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1. Commentary

2. FAQs

  • Q. What's Mozilla?
  • Q. What keyboard shortcuts can I use with Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE)6 and Mozilla Firebird 0.6?
  • Q. Why do I receive an error on start-up that says the system can't find system32.exe in my system32 folder?
  • Q. Why do I receive a warning in the event log that a provider has registered in the Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) namespace?
  • Q. How can I retrieve core Windows files that I've deleted?
  • Q. How can I quickly determine whether a domain controller (DC) is available for a specific domain?

3. Announcements

  • Exchange 2003: Do You Plan to Migrate or Wait?
  • Learn More About the Security Risks in Exchange 2003

4. Event

  • New--Mobile & Wireless Road Show!

5. Contact Us

  • See this section for a list of ways to contact us.

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1. Commentary
by John Savill, FAQ Editor, jsavill@winnetmag.com

This week, I describe the Mozilla Web browser, explain which keyboard shortcuts you can use with Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) and Mozilla Firebird, and tell you why you might receive an error on start-up that says the system can't find system32.exe in the system32 folder. I also explain why you might receive a warning in the event log that a provider has registered in the Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) namespace, how to retrieve core Windows files that you've deleted, and how to quickly determine whether a domain controller (DC) is available for a specific domain.


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2. FAQs

Q. What's Mozilla?

A. Mozilla is an alternative to Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) that's recently undergone some big enhancements. You can download the latest version (Mozilla 1.4) or get the lean version (Mozilla Firebird 0.6) at http://www.mozilla.org. Mozilla Firebird doesn't require installation--you just unzip the downloaded package to a folder and run the software from there.

Some of Mozilla's features include

  • tabs to load multiple Web sites instead of opening separate instances of the application for each Web site
  • a built-in pop-up ad blocker
  • tools to better control information that the browser receives, such as a tool that prevents Web sites from modifying the Web browser status bar, which typically displays the Web site address
  • a search box for searching public search engines, such as Google
  • automatic import of IE bookmarks
  • support for all leading standards (e.g., HTML) and plugins

After using Mozilla for a day, I was impressed by its clean interface, speed, and flexibility. I particularly liked the tabbed browsing feature. Give it a look.

Q. What keyboard shortcuts can I use with Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE)6 and Mozilla Firebird 0.6?

A. The following table lists the most popular keyboard shortcuts:

Action Internet Explorer Mozilla Firebird
Add bookmark Ctrl+D Ctrl+D
Back Backspace/Alt+ Backspace/Alt+
Forward Shift+Backspace/Alt+ Shift+Backspace/Alt+
Bookmarks Ctrl+I Ctrl+B
Close window Ctrl+W Ctrl+W
Go to www..com Ctrl+Enter Ctrl+Enter
Go to www..net   Shift+Enter
Go to www..org   Shift+Ctrl+Enter
Downloads   Ctrl+E
Find on page Ctrl+F Ctrl+F
Find again F3/Ctrl+G  
Full screen (toogle) F11 F11
History Ctrl+H Ctrl+H
New Tab   Ctrl+T
Move to next tab   Ctrl+Tab
Move to previous tab   Ctrl+Shift+Tab
New window Ctrl+N Ctrl+N
View source Ctrl+F3 Ctrl+U
Reload Ctrl+R/F5 Ctrl+R/F5
Reload (don't use cache) Ctrl+F5 Ctrl+Shift+R/Ctrl+F5
Select location bar Alt+D/F4/F6/Ctrl+Tab Alt+D/F6/Ctrl+L
Select search bar   Ctrl+K
Select tab   Ctrl+\[1 to 9\]
Stop Esc Esc

Q. Why do I receive an error on start-up that says the system can't find system32.exe in my system32 folder?

A. More than likely, your machine was infected by the system32.exe virus, which your antivirus software removed without removing the startup entry in the registry. To resolve this error, perform the following steps:

  1. Start a registry editor (e.g., regedit.exe).
  2. Navigate to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run registry subkey.
  3. Select the "Explorer.exe C:\Windows\system32\system32.exe" entry, then click Delete (the path for this registry entry might be slightly different on your machine, depending on the folder in which you installed Windows).
  4. If you see a registry entry for cmd32.exe, remove it as well.
  5. Click Yes in the confirmation dialog box.

If you can't find the registry entry I describe in Step 2, review this FAQ for a list of other registry locations you can search.

Q. Why do I receive a warning in the event log that a provider has registered in the Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) namespace?

A. The message you describe reads

A provider, <name>, has been registered in the WMI namespace,
<namespace>, to use the LocalSystem account. This account is privileged
and the provider may cause a security violation if it does not correctly
impersonate user requests.</namespace></name>

A sample would be OffProv (for Microsoft Office) and a sample would be Root\MSAPPS. Although this warning sounds serious, it's an informational message letting you know that WMI has received a registration for a new provider that will run with elevated privileges (SYSTEM). If you're satisfied that this component can run safely with these privileges, you can ignore this message. Otherwise, you might want to uninstall the provider component or contact the provider's manufacturer.

Q. How can I retrieve core Windows files that I've deleted?

A. Although you can manually copy the files from the Windows installation media, you're probably better off using the System File Checker utility that ships with Windows 2000 and later. If you've changed your configuration since you installed Windows and your installation media is now available at another location, you'll need to perform the following steps before you run System File Checker:

  1. Start a registry editor (e.g., regedit.exe).
  2. Navigate to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion registry subkey.
  3. Change the Sourcepath value to point to the installation media's new location (e.g., D:\i386).
  4. Navigate to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Setup registry subkey.
  5. If the Sourcepath value is listed, change the value here also to point to the installation media's new location.

To use System File Checker, perform the following steps:

  1. Insert the Windows CD-ROM installation media.
  2. From the Start menu, select Run.
  3. Enter sfc /scannow

to start the System File Checker process and check all core files. The utility will replace any missing core files and make sure all the files are up-to-date.

Q. How can I quickly determine whether a domain controller (DC) is available for a specific domain?

A. To quickly check for a DC in a specific domain, go to the command prompt and type

nltest /dsgetdc:<domain name></domain>

If your search is successful, the system will display information about that DC. For example,

C:\>nltest /dsgetdc:savilltech
DC: \\TITANIC
Address: \\200.200.200.1
Dom Guid: 9819e7e4-7beb-41d9-9923-dac38b1d342a
Dom Name: SAVILLTECH
Forest Name: ADS.SAVILLTECH
Dc Site Name: UK
Our Site Name: UK
Flags: DS LDAP KDC TIMESERV WRITABLE DNS_FOREST CLOSE_SITE
The command completed successfully

If your search fails, you'll receive a failure notice, such as

C:\>nltest /dsgetdc:test1
DsGetDcName failed: Status = 1355 0x54b ERROR_NO_SUCH_DOMAIN

3. Announcements
(from Windows & .NET Magazine and its partners)

  • Exchange 2003: Do You Plan to Migrate or Wait?

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  • Learn More About the Security Risks in Exchange 2003

  • Videotaped live at Microsoft TechEd 2003, this free archived Web seminar delivers an introduction to the new security features and enhancements of Exchange Server 2003, including the new security APIs that can minimize virus risk and spam traffic. Plus, you'll discover more about the future of the messaging industry and what's on the horizon in assessing risk. Register today!
    http://www.winnetmag.com/seminars/securityrisks

    4. Event
    (brought to you by Windows & .NET Magazine)

  • New--Mobile & Wireless Road Show!

  • Learn more about the wireless and mobility solutions that are available today! Register now for this free event!
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