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In the News
- Source-Code Leak Prompts Vulnerabilities, Warning from Microsoft
- Intel Follows AMD into 64-Bit Territory

==== In the News ====
by Paul Thurrott, thurrott@winnetmag.com

Source-Code Leak Prompts Vulnerabilities, Warning from Microsoft
Hackers and security researchers who downloaded the Windows 2000 source code over the weekend have already found a security vulnerability to exploit, although the vulnerability affects only the out-of-date Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) version that shipped with the original Win2K. The vulnerability, which affects IE 5.01, lets attackers compromise users' PCs when they access a malicious Web site. On one hand, Microsoft says that not only does the vulnerability affect only a single, older version of IE, but the company found and fixed the vulnerability during its Trustworthy Computing code review 2 years ago. On the other hand, about 10 percent of Web browser users--more people than use Mozilla, Netscape, Opera, and Apple Computer's Safari combined--still use IE 5.01.
"\[The vulnerability\] doesn't affect IE 6," Mike Reavey, a Microsoft security program manager, said. "It does look like it was one of the things that was found during the code review." Microsoft is cautioning users to upgrade to the most recent IE version--IE 6 with Service Pack 1 (SP1)--to ensure the safest possible Web experience. But the near-instantaneous release of a vulnerability based on the Windows source-code leak makes me wonder how many other vulnerabilities will be found in the coming days. And, unlike the IE vulnerability, some of those vulnerabilities might also affect the most current versions of Windows, including Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP, which are based on Win2K. "We take this seriously," a Microsoft spokesperson said Friday. "It's illegal for third parties to post or make our source code available. From that standpoint we've taken appropriate legal action to protect our intellectual property."
Microsoft has also taken the interesting step of warning users to keep their hands off the stolen source code. On Monday, the company issued legal warnings to people who had downloaded or distributed the code. "The unauthorized copying and distribution of Microsoft's protected source code is a violation of both civil and criminal copyright and trade secret laws," the warning said. "If you have downloaded and are making the source code available for downloading by others, you are violating Microsoft's rights, and could be subject to severe civil and criminal penalties." Microsoft then demanded that downloaders destroy their copies of the source code and tell Microsoft where they got it.

Intel Follows AMD into 64-Bit Territory
Intel representatives confirmed what they described as the "worst-kept secret in \[the industry\]" when they announced plans yesterday to add 64-bit extensions to the Pentium 4 and Xeon microprocessors. The move will give the chips 64-bit capabilities and bring them up to par with rival chips from AMD, which pioneered desktop-based 64-bit computing last year. The revelation represents a new experience for Intel, which has historically led the microprocessor industry, both financially and technically. But Intel says that consumer demand exists for 64-bit technology, as evidenced by Microsoft's 64-bit versions of Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP, which take advantage of the chips' advanced features while providing full backward compatibility with the applications today's PC users take for granted. However, the announcement raises concerns that the 64-bit Pentium 4 and Xeon chips will supplant Intel's Itanium line, a "pure" 64-bit microprocessor family designed for high-end servers and scientific workstations.
"What this suggests to AMD is that Intel is now following our leadership," Ben Williams, director of AMD's Server and Workstation Business Segment, said. Williams is obviously skipping over an obvious truth: By simply entering this market, Intel will likely quickly dominate it and overshadow AMD's sales by a wide margin. To get to that point, Intel will roll out what it calls 64-bit extension--first to its Xeon line of server and workstation chips by mid-year, then to the next-generation Pentium 4, which will ship in the second half of 2004. That schedule is far more aggressive than analysts had predicted.
For the short term, 64-bit chips will likely see the most traction on servers, on which today's 32-bit 4GB memory limit can be confining in certain circumstances. But Intel will quickly move the technology up and down its product line. Initially, Xeon products will target dual-processor systems; later, Pentium 4-based chips will target single- and dual-processor workstations, and Xeon systems, due in early 2005, will target quad-processor servers. On the software side, Microsoft is already shipping beta versions of Windows 2003 and XP that work on the new Intel systems and expects to finalize those products by the end of the year. By late 2004, various Linux distributors will also ship 64-bit variants of Linux for the new Intel systems.

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