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December 23, 2002—In this issue:

1. COMMENTARY

2. FAQS

  • Q. How can I install Windows 2000 on Toshiba's Portege 3110 laptop?
  • Q. What's Microsoft Print Migrator 3.0?
  • Q. How can I remove the hiberfil.sys file from my system?
  • Q. What are the Windows .NET Server (Win.NET Server) 2003 domain and forest modes?
  • Q. How can I raise my domain to use the Windows .NET Server (Win.NET Server) 2003 domain mode?
  • Q. How can I raise my forest to use the Windows .NET Server (Win.NET Server) 2003 forest mode?
  • Q. How can I configure the amount of bandwidth that Windows reserves for Quality of Service (QoS)?

3. ANNOUNCEMENTS

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1. COMMENTARY
(contributed by John Savill, FAQ Editor, jsavill@winnetmag.com)

This week, I tell you how to install Windows 2000 on Toshiba's Portege 3110 laptop, explain Microsoft Print Migrator 3.0, and describe how to remove the hiberfil.sys file. I also describe the Windows .NET Server (Win.NET Server) 2003 domain and forest modes, how to raise your domain or forest to these modes, and how to configure the amount of bandwidth that Windows reserves for Quality of Service (QoS).

Around the industry, it's been a quiet week. An update for Microsoft Outlook 2000 is available at http://office.microsoft.com/productupdates/default.aspx , and Microsoft has posted several minor fixes for Windows XP at http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com . Best wishes for the holidays and into the New Year.


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2. FAQS

  • Q. How can I install Windows 2000 on Toshiba's Portege 3110 laptop?
  • A. Because the Portege 3110 includes an external CD-ROM drive that connects to the laptop through a PC Card, you can't configure the system BIOS to boot from a CD-ROM. Also, the standard Win2K installation disks don't recognize the CD-ROM drive, which causes the OS installation to fail.

    If you can connect the laptop to a network, you can set up a Microsoft Remote Installation Services (RIS) server and install Win2K from the network. If working from the network isn't an option, you can perform the following steps (some of these steps are specific to the Portege 3110, but you can modify this process for any CD-ROM driver):

    1. Create an MS-DOS boot disk (you can download the necessary files from http://www.bootdisk.com ).
    2. Copy the CD-ROM driver file to the boot disk; for the Toshiba laptop, this file is arccd.sys, which you can download from the Toshiba Web site.
    3. Edit the config.sys file on the boot disk and add the line
    4. DEVICE=A:\ARCCD.SYS
    5. Edit the autoexec.bat file on the boot disk and add the line
    6. MSCDEX /D:ARCCD01 /L:E > NUL
    7. Insert the boot disk into your laptop and reboot—the CD-ROM drive should be accessible as drive E.
    8. If no partition exists on the laptop's hard disk, you must use Fdisk to create a partition, then use the FAT file system to format the partition.
    9. Insert the Win2K installation CD-ROM, then type
    10. cd i386

      to navigate to the I386 folder.

    11. Start the 16-bit version of the installation procedure by typing
    12. winnt
    13. The Win2K installation will start and copy all files to the local hard disk. You might want to convert the partition to the NTFS file system during installation.
    14. After the installation is finished, you can use third-party software such as PowerQuest's PartitionMagic to extend the NTFS partition to use more of the hard disk.

  • Q. What's Microsoft Print Migrator 3.0?
  • A. Microsoft Print Migrator 3.0, which is available at http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/technologies/fileandprint/print/download.asp , lets you migrate printers between servers. The current version supports

    • migrating printers between different Windows versions (e.g., from Windows NT 4.0 to Windows 2000 or Windows .NET Server—Win.NET Server—2003)
    • Microsoft Cluster service
    • options for moving Line Print Report (LPR) ports to standard TCP/IP Port Monitor ports

    Print Migrator 3.0 can back up a machine's print configuration to a .cab file for the Win.NET Server, Windows XP, Win2K Service Pack 2 (SP2), and NT 4.0 SP6a platforms. The software can also back up file-and-print shares, but not the share content. The download includes a full-command version, and you can download a separate Help file from the URL I mentioned above that explains the command version.

  • Q. How can I remove the hiberfil.sys file from my system?
  • A. When you hibernate your computer, Windows saves the contents of the system's memory to the hiberfil.sys file. As a result, the size of the hiberfil.sys file will always equal the amount of physical memory in your system. If you don't use the hibernate feature and want to recapture the space that Windows uses for the hiberfil.sys file, perform the following steps:

    1. Start the Control Panel Power Options applet (go to Start, Settings, Control Panel, and click Power Options).
    2. Select the Hibernate tab, clear the "Enable hibernation" check box, then click OK; although you might think otherwise, selecting Never under the "System hibernates" option on the Power Schemes tab doesn't delete the hiberfil.sys file.

    Windows will remove the "System hibernates" option from the Power Schemes tab and delete the hiberfil.sys file.

  • Q. What are the Windows .NET Server (Win.NET Server) 2003 domain and forest modes?
  • A. Windows 2000 domains have two modes: mixed (which lets Windows NT 4.0 BDCs participate in domain replication) and native (which lets only Win2K-based domain controllers—DCs—participate in domain replication). Win.NET Server introduces new functionality to both domains and forests, including new domain renaming abilities. As a result, Microsoft has added a new mode for domain functionality, as listed below.

    Domain Mode            DCs Supported
    -----------            ----------------------------
    Win2K mixed (default)  Win.NET Server, Win2K, NT 4.0
    Win2K native           Win.NET Server, Win2K
    Win.NET Server         Win.NET Server

    The differences between Win2K mixed and Win2K native are the same under Win.NET Server as they are under Win2K. However, the Win.NET Server domain mode adds support for

    • a DC renaming tool
    • an enhanced user logon timestamp
    • Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) key version numbers
    • user password support for InetOrgPerson, which is a standard object class defined in Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Requests for Comments (RFC) 2798

    Win.NET Server also adds a new mode for forest functionality, as listed below.

    Forest Mode            DCs Supported
    -----------            ----------------------------
    Win2K (default)        Win.NET Server, Win2K, NT 4.0
    Win.NET Server         Win.NET Server

    To upgrade the forest to Win.NET Server, all domains within the forest must be in Win.NET Server mode or Win2K native mode. The Win.NET Sever forest mode adds support for

    • tuning Global Catalog (GC) replication
    • creating bidirectional transitive forest trusts
    • performing domain renaming (DNS and NetBIOS name)
    • improving replication algorithms (including the ability to replicate individual group membership changes instead of replicating information about the entire group)
    • deactivating an unneeded class or attribute

  • Q. How can I raise my domain to use the Windows .NET Server (Win.NET Server) 2003 domain mode?
  • A. Raising a domain is a one-way process that you can't reverse. Therefore, before you proceed, review the FAQ titled "What are the Windows .NET Server (Win.NET Server) 2003 domain and forest modes?" to ensure that you can raise your domain. To raise your domain, perform the following steps:

    1. Log on as a domain administrator to a domain controller (DC) or a machine running the Win.NET Server administration tools.
    2. Start the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Active Directory Domains and Trusts snap-in or the MMC Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in (go to Start, Programs, and select Administrative Tools).
    3. Right-click the domain, then select the Raise Domain Functional Level option from the context menu—Windows will display the current domain mode.
    4. Select the new domain mode, then click Raise.
    5. Click OK to close the confirmation dialog box.

    Windows will inform you that it's finished the change and will replicate the change to the remaining DCs.

  • Q. How can I raise my forest to use the Windows .NET Server (Win.NET Server) 2003 forest mode?
  • A. Raising a forest is a one-way process that you can't reverse. All domains in the forest must be in Windows 2000 native mode or later—if they aren't, the upgrade will fail and Windows will display a warning. During the upgrade, Windows will raise any Win2K native-mode domains to Win.NET Server domain level. To raise your forest, perform the following steps:

    1. Log on as a domain administrator of the root domain to a domain controller (DC) or a machine running the Win.NET Server administration tools.
    2. Start the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Active Directory Domains and Trusts snap-in (go to Start, Programs, and select Administrative Tools).
    3. Right-click the root (i.e., Active Directory Domains and Trusts), then select the Raise Forest Functional Level option from the context menu—Windows will display the current forest mode.
    4. Select the new forest mode, then click Raise.
    5. Click OK to close the confirmation dialog box.

    Windows will inform you that it's finished the change and will replicate the change to all DCs.

  • Q. How can I configure the amount of bandwidth that Windows reserves for Quality of Service (QoS)?
  • A. QoS provides a guaranteed level of service for media-rich applications and some mission-critical applications. By default, Windows reserves only 20 percent of the connection bandwidth for QoS. To adjust this setting in the registry, perform the following steps:

    1. Start a registry editor (e.g., regedit.exe).
    2. Navigate to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\PSched\Parameters\Adapters\\{<Adapter ID>\} registry subkey.
    3. From the Edit menu, select New, DWORD Value.
    4. Enter the name NonBestEffortLimit, then press Enter.
    5. Double-click the new value, set it to the new level (e.g., 50 in decimal base), then click OK.
    6. Restart the computer for the change to take effect.

    3. ANNOUNCEMENTS
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