A. The Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit Tools are available for free at the Microsoft Web site. The tools download as one self-installing executable file called rktools.exe. After you download the tools, simply execute the file to begin the installation procedure and follow the instructions to complete the installation.

You can install the tools on all flavors of Windows 2003 and Windows XP. The package includes several utilities and scripts to speed common tasks. For example, the Dumpdsmos command-line utility uses the core Ntdsutil program to list all Flexible Single-Master Operation (FSMO) roles held by the domain controller (DC) that you pass as the argument. For example, to identify all the FSMO roles held by a DC named thunder, I type

C:\>dumpfsmos thunder

to produce the following output:

ntdsutil: roles                              fsmo maintenance: Connections                              server connections: Connect to server thunder                              Binding to thunder ...                              Connected to thunder using credentials of locally logged on user.                              server connections: Quit                              fsmo maintenance: select Operation Target                              select operation target: List roles for connected server                              Server "thunder" knows about 5 roles                              Schema - CN=NTDS Settings,CN=thunder,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=dev,DC=uk,DC=savilltech,DC=com                              Domain - CN=NTDS Settings,CN=thunder,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=dev,DC=uk,DC=savilltech,DC=com                              PDC - CN=NTDS Settings,CN=thunder,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=dev,DC=uk,DC=savilltech,DC=com                              RID - CN=NTDS Settings,CN=thunder,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=dev,DC=uk,DC=savilltech,DC=com                              Infrastructure - CN=NTDS Settings,CN=thunder,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=dev,DC=uk,DC=savilltech,DC=com                              select operation target: Quit                              fsmo maintenance: Quit                              ntdsutil: Quit                              Disconnecting from thunder...

To view all the tools available in the Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit Tools, review the resource kit Help file.