A. The Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit Tools are available for free at the Microsoft Web site. The tools download as one self-installing executable file called rktools.exe. After you download the tools, simply execute the file to begin the installation procedure and follow the instructions to complete the installation.

You can install the tools on all flavors of Windows 2003 and Windows XP. The package includes several utilities and scripts to speed common tasks. For example, the Dumpdsmos command-line utility uses the core Ntdsutil program to list all Flexible Single-Master Operation (FSMO) roles held by the domain controller (DC) that you pass as the argument. For example, to identify all the FSMO roles held by a DC named thunder, I type

C:\>dumpfsmos thunder

to produce the following output:

ntdsutil: roles
fsmo maintenance: Connections
server connections: Connect to server thunder
Binding to thunder ...
Connected to thunder using credentials of locally logged on user.
server connections: Quit
fsmo maintenance: select Operation Target
select operation target: List roles for connected server
Server "thunder" knows about 5 roles
Schema - CN=NTDS Settings,CN=thunder,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=dev,DC=uk,DC=savilltech,DC=com
Domain - CN=NTDS Settings,CN=thunder,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=dev,DC=uk,DC=savilltech,DC=com
PDC - CN=NTDS Settings,CN=thunder,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=dev,DC=uk,DC=savilltech,DC=com
RID - CN=NTDS Settings,CN=thunder,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=dev,DC=uk,DC=savilltech,DC=com
Infrastructure - CN=NTDS Settings,CN=thunder,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=dev,DC=uk,DC=savilltech,DC=com
select operation target: Quit
fsmo maintenance: Quit
ntdsutil: Quit
Disconnecting from thunder...

To view all the tools available in the Windows Server 2003 Resource Kit Tools, review the resource kit Help file.