Windows Tips &amp Tricks UPDATE, April 18, 2005, —brought to you by the Windows IT Pro Network and the Windows 2000 FAQ site
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FAQs

  • Q. What's new in Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 (SP1)?
  • Q. Where can I get the updated support tools and deployment tools for Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 (SP1)?
  • Q. How can I configure Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 to cleanly shut down any running guest OSs when the server shuts down?
  • Q. How can I use a script to create a list of domains that an Active Directory (AD) domain trusts?
  • Q. I'm receiving errors from domain controllers (DCs) in my domain, which state that the target Principal Name is incorrect or that access is denied when I attempt to replicate Active Directory (AD) data or to perform some domain-modification functions. What's causing the errors?

Commentary
by John Savill, FAQ Editor, jsavill@windowsitpro.com

In this issue, you'll find out what's new in Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 (SP1) and where to get the updated support tools and deployment tools for the service pack. You'll also learn how to configure Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 to cleanly shut down any running guest OSs when the server shuts down and how to use a script to create a list of domains that an Active Directory (AD) domain trusts. Finally, you'll learn why you might be receiving errors from domain controllers (DCs), which state that the target Principal Name is incorrect or that access is denied when you try to replicate Active Directory (AD) data or to perform some domain-modification functions.


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FAQs

Q. What's new in Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 (SP1)?

A. Like Windows XP SP2, Windows 2003 SP1 is effectively a security release; most of the core OS files have been built with better memory protection to help minimize exposure to exploits, which is why the service pack download is so large (340MB; 406MB after it's extracted). In addition to the rebuilt core OS files, the service pack contains several other new security-related features:

  • Windows Firewall is now included and is enabled by default for new installations. It's not enabled by default when you apply SP1 to an existing Windows 2003 installation or when you upgrade a Windows 2000 system to Windows 2003 with SP1 slipstreamed into it. During the slipstreamed installation of Windows 2003 with SP1, a stateful filtering process protects the system during the actual OS installation. SP1 provides command-line support for the firewall.
  • With new installations or upgrades from Windows NT 4.0 (but not from Windows 2003 without SP1 or Windows 2000), the first time an Administrator logs on, the Post-Setup Security Updates (PSSU) dialog box appears, prompting the administrator to apply the most recent security updates from Windows Update, as the figure at http://www.windowsitpro.com/articles/images/pssu.gif shows. Until the administrator applies the security updates, the firewall remains enabled. The intent of PSSU is to secure the server as soon as possible after the upgrade to SP1.
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) enhancements include a centralized information bar to alert users of conditions they might want to act on and a pop-up blocker.
  • Security Configuration Wizard (SCW), which isn't installed by default (because it's a new component), although its help file is installed by default. SCW helps you lock down your server through a combination of policy, IP Security (IPSec), firewall, auditing, Microsoft IIS, and registry permissions.
  • Network Access Quarantine Control components (rqs.exe and rqc.exe) are now included as part of the core OS.
  • SP1 includes Windows Media Player (WMP) 10.

Q. Where can I get the updated support tools and deployment tools for Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 (SP1)?

A. Each time Microsoft releases a new service pack, the company updates the support and deployment tools that you should apply to upgraded OSs. Here's the latest list of support and deployment tools for Windows 2003 SP1:

  • Windows 2003 SP1 32-bit deployment tools: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=a34edcf2-ebfd-4f99-bbc4-e93154c332d6&displaylang=en
  • Windows 2003 SP1 32-bit support tools: http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?familyid=6ec50b78-8be1-4e81-b3be-4e7ac4f0912d&displaylang=en

Q. How can I configure Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 to cleanly shut down any running guest OSs when the server shuts down?

A. Each guest OS environment runs under the Virtual Server service (vssrvc.exe), which stops when the host OS shuts down. You can configure each guest OS with a default action in the event that the Virtual Server service is closed as follows:

  1. Connect to the Virtual Server Web interface (e.g., http: //virtserver.savilltech.com:1024/VirtualServer/VSWebApp.exe?view=1)
  2. Select the Virtual Server name you want to configure and select Edit Configuration, as the figure at http://www.windowsitpro.com/articles/images/virtserverpropedit1.gif shows.
  3. Under Guest OS configuration, click "General properties."
  4. You can now modify the "Action when Virtual Server stops" drop-down list, which the figure at http://www.windowsitpro.com/articles/images/virtservshutdown2.gif shows, by selecting from the list of options (e.g., to shut down the OS, select the "Shut down guest OS" option). Click OK.
  5. Now when the host server shuts down, the guest OS will be cleanly closed first. If, however, the host OS simply crashes or is powered off, the guest OSs can't close cleanly. Event ID 1074 will be written in the guest OS System log, notifying the user that the system was powered off by the vmsrvc.exe service. If you require more control over this functionality, you can shut down the guest OS via the shutdown.exe command-line tool before performing a shutdown of the active host OS, typically as part of a script.

    Q. How can I use a script to create a list of domains that an Active Directory (AD) domain trusts?

    A. Using the Active Directory Services Interface (ADSI) you can use a script like the following sample to query objects from AD--such as trustedDomain objects from a domain's system container--and thereby obtain a list of all the trusted domains.

    Option Explicit
    Dim objConnection, objChild
    Set objConnection =
    GetObject("LDAP://vs2003dstdc1.dest.test/cn=system,dc=dest,dc=test")
      objConnection.Filter = Array("trustedDomain")
    For Each objChild In objConnection
      WScript.Echo objChild.Name
    Next
    Wscript.Echo "Operation Completed"
    Ensure that you replace the "Set objConnection" Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) connection string with one for your domain. For example, if a domain controller (DC) is DC1 in domain savilltech.com, the line would read:
    Set objConnection =
    GetObject("LDAP://dc1.savilltech.com/cn=system,dc=savilltech,dc=com")

    Q. I'm receiving errors from domain controllers (DCs) in my domain, which state that the target Principal Name is incorrect or that access is denied when I attempt to replicate Active Directory (AD) data or to perform some domain-modification functions. What's causing the errors?

    A. I recently experienced this problem when I started a DC that I hadn't used for a while and wanted to demote, but the demotion kept failing. The problem was that the DC's computer account with the domain had expired and its services could no longer communicate with other DCs in the domain. I solved the problem by resetting the DC's account. To do so, perform these steps:

    1. Log on to the DC that's having the problems.
    2. Ensure that the Windows Support Tools are installed (We'll be using the Netdom tool, which is part of the support tools.)
    3. Start the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Computer Management snap-in (Start, Programs, Administrative Tools, Computer Management).
    4. Scroll down to the "Services and Applications" section and select the Services subleaf.
    5. Double-click the Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) service.
    6. Set its startup type to Disabled and click OK.
    7. Reboot the DC.
    8. When the DC restarts, open a command prompt and run this command:
      netdom resetpwd /server:<pdc fsmo role holder of domain>
        /userd:<domain administrator> /passwordd:<domain admin password></domain></domain></pdc>
    9. You should see a confirmation message stating that the machine account has been reset.
    10. Restart the Computer Management snap-in.
    11. Scroll down to the "Services and Applications" section and select the Services subleaf.
    12. Double-click the KDC service.
    13. Set its startup type to Automatic and click OK.
    14. Reboot the DC.
    The DC should now function correctly.

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