A. A command line utility, CIPHER.EXE, can be used to encrypt and decrypt files from the command line.

CIPHER \[/E | /D\] \[/S:dir\] \[/I\] \[/F\] \[/Q\] \[dirname \[...\]\]

/E Encrypts the specified directories. Directories will be marked so that files added afterward will be encrypted.
/D Decrypts the specified directories. Directories will be marked so that files added afterward will not be encrypted.
/S Performs the specified operation on directories in the given directory and all subdirectories.
/I Continues performing the specified operation even after errors have occurred. By default, CIPHER stops when an error is encountered.
/F Forces the encryption operation on all specified directories, even those which are already encrypted. Already-encrypted directories are skipped by default.
/Q Reports only the most essential information.
dirname Specifies a pattern, or directory.

Used without parameters, CIPHER displays the encryption state of the current directory and any files it contains. You may use multiple directory names and wildcards. You must put spaces between multiple parameters.