A. Windows 2000 enables you to lock the workstation by typing the following command:

C:\> rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation

You could also use this as a shortcut on you desktop.

This will not work in Windows NT 4.0. To achieve a similar effect requires a bit more work:

You can use the SendMessage call to send a SC_SCREENSAVE message to the topmost window, which locks the workstation if the current user has a screen saver configured and the screen saver is configured to require a password.

Related: "10 Steps to Lock Down Desktops

To ensure that a screen saver is configured, you can create registry entries. Run a registry (.reg) file that adds the following entries from the command line: 

HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop\ScreenSaveActive = 1
HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop\ScreenSaverIsSecure = 1
HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop\ScreenSaveTimeout = timeout in seconds
HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop\SCRNSAVE.EXE = %SystemRoot%\System32\Appropriate screen saver.scr
Some screen savers require additional parameters in HKCU\Control Panel\Screen Saver.screen saver name as well.

After you create these registry entries, the following call invokes the screen saver: 

SendMessage(HWND_TOPMOST, WM_SYSCOMMAND, SC_SCREENSAVE, 0) 

You must write and compile a short program (.exe file) that contains this call. You can then call your program from the command line to activate the screen saver. Because the ScreenSaverIsSecure value in the registry has been set to 1, this has the effect of locking the workstation.

Related: "More on Locking down that desktop"