A. Exchange has an internal process called MSExchangeDSAccess Topology Discovery, which runs every 15 minutes and rediscovers the contents of Active Directory (AD). For each DC it discovers, the process runs a series of tests against the DC and selects one or more DCs that contain the information that Exchange requires (i.e, a configuration DC, a domain DC, and a Global Catalog--GC).
You can check the status of the Topology Discovery process by viewing the Application event log. The chosen servers are logged in event ID 2081, as the following example shows:
Event Type: Information Event Source: MSExchangeDSAccess Event Category: Topology Event ID: 2081 Date: 8/3/2004 Time: 7:17:25 PM User: N/A Computer: VPC2003SMS Description: Process MAD.EXE (PID=1708). DSAccess will use the servers from the following list: Domain Controllers: vpc2003sms.demo.local Global Catalogs: vpc2003sms.demo.local The Configuration Domain Controller is set to vpc2003sms.demo.local. For more information, click http://www.microsoft.com/contentredirect.asp.
If selected GCs are unavailable, the process will attempt to contact them every 5 minutes until the next topology discovery. If the GC is unavailable when the Topology Discovery process is run, the process removes it from the list of DCs it can use. When the GC comes back online, the Topology Discovery process detects it during the next check. An alternative way to view the DCs that the Exchange server is using is to select the Directory Access tab of the Exchange server's properties page, as the figure at Figure shows.