Q: I'm having a lot of trouble allowing folk access to PowerPoint clip art unless they log on to the system either as a local user or as an administrator on the domain. Both choices are unacceptable. What can I do?

PowerPoint seems to be unable to deal with domain users. Therefore, you will need to modify permissions in the Windows NT Registry. Run regedt32 and go to KEY_LOCAL_MACHINE|Software|Microsoft|ClipArt Gallery|2.0. With 2.0 highlighted, click on Security and then Permissions and give Full Control to Everyone for this key (2.0) and the three subkeys by checking "Replace permissions on subkeys." Alternatively, you can give everyone permission to change the file.artgalry.cag in the WINNT35 subdirectory. (They need read/write permission.)

Q: As an old UNIX user, I am used to the various shells available. Have these been ported to NT yet?

Yes, several shells are already available for NT.

1. The shell in the Windows NT Resource Kit POSIX Utilities is pdksh, and you can download it from ftp://ftp.microsoft.com/bussys/winnt/winnt-public/reskit/.

2. Cygnus has a beta version--in decent, but fairly rough shape--of its port of the GNU utilities to Win32, which includes the bash shell, at ftp://ftp.cygnus.com/pub/sac/.

3. The commercial Hamilton C Shell is, as its name implies, a csh port.

Q: I added a new device to my system, but NT doesn't save the configuration. Why not?

When you add a device or service and Windows NT reverts to the previous configuration, the reason is usually an OEM Award 4.50G BIOS. If this is the case, try updating the BIOS to the latest version from the motherboard manufacturer. You can also try disabling daylight-saving time in the CMOS, setting DMACLOCK to SCLK-2, PRQ2detection to enabled, and IDEHDD-blockmode to disabled.

Q: I want to move my NT installation from the C drive to the D drive. How can I edit the Registry for this purpose, do blanket searches, and so on?

You'll find a search and replace utility on the Internet and several bulletin board systems (BBSs). The last place I saw it (regsrch.zip) was on 704-588-2669, which is a free BBS.

Q: As you know, NT has no provisions to mirror drives across a network. This situation is awkward for us because we need real-time mirroring over a network. Can we do it?

I've been using Octopus for some time. It works well and lets me mirror transparently and in real-time within the same system or to any NT nodes on a network anywhere in the world. The latest version also provides an automatic switch-over capability.

Q: Can you make a boot floppy for NT that lets you access mirrored drives and perform other functions? Please help! I'm desperate.

To create an NTFS boot floppy:

1. Diskcopy the first Setup disk.

2. Delete all the files on this boot floppy.

3. Copy ntdetect.com from your root directory to the boot floppy.

4. Copy ntldr from your root directory to the boot floppy. Rename it setup ldr.bin.

5. Copy the SCSI driver from your system32\drivers directory to ntbootdd.sys on the boot floppy.

6. Create a boot.ini file as follows. Spacing is important.

\[boot loader\]

timeout=10

default=scsi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition (1)\WINNT35

\[operating systems\]

scsi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition (1)\WINNT35="Windows NT Server Version 3.5"

Note: WINNT35 is the Windows directory.

TABLE 1:

These printer drivers are available for Windows NT 3.51
with Service Pack 3 (or higher) installed.
Item ID Filename Processor Description
S15748 i_dskjet.exe x86 HP DeskJet 320, 340, 600, 660C
S15749 a_dskjet.exe Alpha HP DeskJet 320, 340, 600, 660C
S15750 m_dskjet.exe MIPS HP DeskJet 320, 340, 600, 660C
S15751 p_dskjet.exe PowerPC HP DeskJet 320, 340, 600, 660C
S15752 i_lexmrk.exe x86 Lexmark ExecJet IIc
S15753 a_lexmrk.exe Alpha Lexmark ExecJet IIc
S15754 m_lexmrk.exe MIPS Lexmark ExecJet IIc
S15755 p_lexmrk.exe PowerPC Lexmark ExecJet IIc
S15756 i_oki.exe x86 Okidata OJ-300C
S15757 a_oki.exe Alpha Okidata OJ-300C
S15758 m_oki.exe MIPS Okidata OJ-300C
S15759 p_oki.exe PowerPC Okidata OJ-300C
S15760 i_pcl5.exe x86 HP LaserJet 5Si, 5Si MX, 5L; CopyJet; and DeskJet 1600C
S15761 a_pcl5.exe Alpha HP LaserJet 5Si, 5Si MX, 5L; CopyJet; and DeskJet 1600C
S15762 m_pcl5.exe MIPS HP LaserJet 5Si, 5Si MX, 5L; CopyJet; and DeskJet 1600C
S15763 p_pcl5.exe PowerPC HP LaserJet 5Si, 5Si MX, 5L; CopyJet; and DeskJet 1600C
S15764 i_pcl5ms.exe x86 HP DeskJet 850C, 855C
S15765 a_pcl5ms.exe Alpha HP DeskJet 850C, 855C
S15766 m_pcl5ms.exe MIPS HP DeskJet 850C, 855C
S15767 p_pcl5ms.exe PowerPC HP DeskJet 850C, 855C

Q: I understand that some new printer drivers are available for NT 3.51. Can you give me more information?

All the printer drivers in table 1 are available for NT 3.51 with Service Pack 3 (or higher). You can download any of these self-extracting files from the following services.

On CompuServe:

1. Enter GO MSL

2. Search for or S

3. Display the results and download

On the Microsoft Download Service (MSDL):

1. Dial 206-936-6735 to connect to MSDL

2. Download

On the Internet (anonymous ftp):

1. Go to ftp://ftp.microsoft.com

2. Change to the SOFTLIB/MSLFILES directory

3. Get

On the Microsoft Network:

1. On the Edit menu, click Go To, and then click Other Location

2. Type mssupport

3. Double-click on the Microsoft Software Library icon

4. Find the appropriate product area

5. Download

Download the file into a temporary directory and run the self-extracting .exe file. This file contains all the files necessary to support the device. The text file in the extracted files contains all the information necessary to install the driver.

Q: How much space does NT 3.51 actually require? I need to know so that I can plan for the upgrade on three servers.

NT 3.51 requires 92MB minimum of free disk space on the partition that will contain NT system files.

Q: I have a site that has recently upgraded the cable plant to FDDI/UTP. The Novell NetWare servers are running 3Com FDDI NICs. If I configure the servers to run a packet size of 4202, NT Workstation 3.51 will not properly execute a read-only file from the NetWare servers. However, if the packet size is 1514, NT 3.51 works fine. NT 3.5 doesn't have this problem. I really need to run 4202 packet size on the NetWare servers. Do you know of any configuration issues for NT 3.51 that address this need?

Use regedt32, set DefaultMaxPacketSize to 1012 at HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\system\currentcontrolset\services\nwrdr\parameters.

Q: Can I shut down a server from a remote site? This capability is important for our distributed LANs.

You can use AT with Shutdown to automate rebooting every week. The shutdown.exe (Windows NT Resource

Kit utility) command-line utility lets you remotely shut down a server. The syntax of this command is

shutdown \[/?\] \[\\Computername\] \[/L\] \[/A\] \[/R\] \[/T:xx\] \["Msg"\] \[/Y\] \[/C\]

The following explains the options:

\\Computername Specifies a remote computer to shut down

/L Specifies a local shutdown

/A Aborts a system shutdown(this option is possible only during the time-out period. If you use this switch, all others are ignored)

/R Specifies that the machine reboot after shutdown

/T:xx Sets the timer for system shutdown in xx seconds; the default is 20 seconds

"Msg" Specifies an additional message

/Y Sets the answer to all following questions to yes

/C Forces running applications to close

For the AT syntax, type AT/? at the command prompt. You can also use WINAT from Windows NT Resource Kit.

Q: How in the world can I do a winpopup message in NT? This problem is driving me nuts. The message works perfectly in Windows for Workgroups but not in NT.

NetSend is the equivalent command in NT for winpopup. NetSend sends messages to other users, computers, or messaging names on the network. The Messenger service must be running for users to receive messages.

net send \{name | * | /domain\[:name\] | /users\} message

The following list describes the parameters of netsend:

name Is the username, computer name, or messaging name to send the message to; if name is a com-puter name that contains blank characters, enclose the alias in quotation marks

* Sends the message to all the names in your group

/domain\[:name\] Sends the message to all the names in the computer's domain; If name is specified, the message goes to all the names in the specified domain or workgroup

/users Sends the message to all users connected to the server

message Is the text to be sent as a message

Q: I have installed Windows NT Workstation on an IBM ThinkPad 755CD, and for some reason, the ThinkPad utilities still placed the Fuelwin program (battery monitor) in at startup. I get the message, "Cannot find load Fuelwin or one of its components...."

With NT, some 16-bit Windows-based applications can write specific executable instructions to the Run= and Load= lines in the win.ini file. NT translates these entries into Registry entries. If an application has been deleted from the system, information about the program can still be in the Registry.

To eliminate this error message, try using regedt32.exe to remove the following values from the Registry:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows

load :REG_SZ :

run :REG_SZ :

Q: Where can I find the latest Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) for NT?

You can find the HCL at ftp://ftp.microsoft.com in bussys/winnt/winnt-docs/hcl/hcl351/

Q: We have a Toshiba XM-3401B CD-ROM drive running under NT 3.51. The drive works fine with regular CD-ROMs, but we are having a problem with the Photo-CD/Multimedia CD-ROMs.

Toshiba Europe wrote a special driver for the 3401. It's available on CompuServe in the NTWORK forum libraries.

Q: I have several important suggestions to pass on to Microsoft. These involve requests for enhancements to NT. Where should I send them?

If you have a long-term solution, I suggest you send an email requesting the enhancement to ntwish@microsoft.com.

Q: Do you have any experience with firewalls on Windows NT? I am looking for one and would appreciate any comments or suggestions.

Raptor has an NT offering. Try http://www.raptor.com.

Q: What server tools can I place on a workstation?

You can install the following Windows NT Server tools on an NT Workstation:

1. Server Manager

2. User Manager for Domains

3. Remote Access Administrator

4. User Profile Editor

5. Remote Boot Manager

6. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Manager

7. Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) Manager

You can install these tools by running the setup.bat file in the \CLIENTS\SRVTOOLS\WINNT location on the NT 3.5 or 3.51 Server CD.

You have to create a group and add the files individually. The install does not automatically create a program group.

Contact Info
Octopus Technologies * 800-919-1009
Microsoft * 206-882-8080