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August 26, 2002—In this issue:
- It's Time to Reevaluate Data Protection and Disaster Recovery
2. NEWS AND VIEWS
- HP Continues to Expand Support with New IBM Deal
- Cisco Acquires Storage Networking Company
- Take Our Exchange Survey and Enter to Win a Microsoft Xbox!
- Planning on Getting Certified? Make Sure to Pick Up Our New eBook!
- Featured Thread: NT Backup and Networks
- Storage Highlight: NAS Servers for Small Offices
- Submit Top Product Ideas
5. NEW AND IMPROVED
- Deploy SANs
- Safeguard Data
- Special Note: No Issue of Storage UPDATE September 2
6. CONTACT US
- See this section for a list of ways to contact us.
(contributed by Sheila Childs, firstname.lastname@example.org)
Many new products on the market and new and evolving technologies offer data-protection and disaster-recovery capabilities (especially in the wake of last September 11). It's a good time for companies to reassess their methodologies for data protection and disaster recovery.
The debate about whether tape is dead continues, kept alive by improved storage-product functionality such as disk-to-disk backup. If a company can implement disk-to-disk backup, for example, recovery times are faster and the company has a reduced need for expensive and less reliable hardware such as tape libraries, drives, and robotics.
And what about mirroring and snapshot technologies? Can and should such technologies replace traditional tape backup as the method of choice for data protection? Although these newer technologies have a place in any good data-protection and disaster-recovery configuration, companies shouldn't necessarily replace tape backup but rather complement tape with other technologies to provide different recovery functionality.
Disk mirroring has been available since the early days of mainframe computing. Mirroring is an effective way to protect data from certain error conditions and events. In particular, mirroring protects against online failure of storage devices—when one mirrored disk breaks, the other disk can provide the application with data without interruption. Mirrored copies of data are interchangeable, and access to mirrored copies of data is transparent to the user. However, although mirroring is effective in recovering from hardware failure, it's not a solution for data recovery. Mirrored copies of data are just that-–mirrors—which implies that any corruption or user error perpetrated on the original will be reflected on the mirrored copy. In addition to these limitations, mirroring isn't a good solution for copies of data that must reside at geographically distant locations.
Several vendors and customers advocate using snapshots to ensure quick data recovery. Snapshot copies of data provide a fast way to make a copy of data; however, snapshot technology generally isn't effective for disaster-recovery purposes unless you combine it with backup. Two examples of the different methodologies you can use to deliver data recovery are software snapshots and split-mirror snapshots. Each vendor generates software snapshots differently. In some cases, snapshots don't actually make a copy of data but make a point-in-time copy of pointers to the data. Subsequently, when new blocks are written to existing files or databases, the new blocks are written to locations that existing snapshots don't reference. Because the snapshot copy references the location of the original blocks of data on disk, applications such as backup can use this input without the need to shut down critical applications.
Split-mirror snapshots consist of two or more mirrored copies of data that you can split at any time to create a coherent point-in-time snapshot. After you've performed a backup on the split-mirror copy, you can bring the copies back together for resynchronization. Although split-mirror snapshots provide excellent data protection, supporting this configuration might cost more than traditional tape backup, and resynchronizing copies after a split might involve significant overhead.
Snapshots and disk-to-disk backups are extremely useful for retrieving individual files or file systems when you need quick recovery. These technologies effectively provide near-online storage capabilities, and if you have the disk space to support the technologies, you can get extremely satisfactory recovery times.
However, you shouldn't use these methodologies alone to ensure data protection because when it comes to disaster recovery, tape backup continues to provide benefits that you'll find unavailable or difficult to achieve with mirroring or snapshots. Only with a secondary copy of data stored at a remote location can you truly protect an IT environment in the event of a significant disaster—for example, the destruction of a primary data center or its equipment. You can transport backup tapes to any location and retrieve data without regard to network connectivity or failed primary hardware. A tape copy of data is portable. Traditional tape backups also let you store and transport data securely if data is encrypted.
Of course, tape backup presents some problems too. It's complex, often requiring complicated policies and expert technicians to maintain them. Unlike with other data-protection technologies (e.g., split mirror, snapshots), systems administrators must ensure that they've backed up all data (all applications, all files) regularly. Even though a good backup ensures a coherent copy of data, recovery can be difficult and time-consuming.
Any method of data protection and disaster recovery has its pros and cons. In general, depending on the IT funds available, it makes sense to use a combination of technologies that provide quick recovery in the event of data corruption or user error and provide complete recovery in the event of a disaster.
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2. NEWS AND VIEWS
(contributed by Keith Furman, email@example.com)
Similar to the deal it struck with IBM last month, Hewlett Packard's (HP's) new deal with IBM will add storage management support for IBM's hardware. The two companies tout the agreement as a stepping-stone to a standards-based management platform based on Bluefin and Common Information Model (CIM). As part of the new deal, IBM and HP will cross-license storage APIs and command-line interfaces. Both companies plan to update their software offerings; HP will add support for IBM's TotalStorage Enterprise Storage Server to HP's OpenView storage management software, and IBM will add support for HP's StorageWorks line to IBM's software.
According to HP, its software now supports more than 80 percent of storage systems worldwide. Both companies hope that through their involvement with the Storage Networking Industry Association's (SNIA's) Storage Management Initiative (SMI), a strong Bluefin and CIM standard will emerge.
Hoping to increase its involvement in the network storage market, Cisco Systems will pay up to $2.5 billion to acquire Andiamo Systems, a privately held company. Cisco has already spent $53 million to purchase a stake in the company, which makes Storage Area Network (SAN) products. Currently, Cisco is the exclusive manufacturer and distributor of Andiamo products.
Cisco expects the acquisition to help it compete with companies such as Brocade Communications. The acquisition will close in the third quarter of Cisco's 2004 fiscal year (February to April 2004), but no later than July 31, 2004. Later this year, Cisco plans to launch new Andiamo and Cisco SAN products that support Fibre Channel, Internet SCSI (iSCSI), and Fibre Channel over IP. The first product, the MDS 9000, will be available in fourth quarter 2002.
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"The Insider's Guide to IT Certification" eBook is hot off the presses and contains everything you need to know to help you save time and money while preparing for certification exams from Microsoft, Cisco Systems, and CompTIA and have a successful career in IT. Get your copy of the Insider's Guide today!
A reader is trying to run Windows NT Backup over a subnetted workgroup and wants to know how to back up the networked machines without installing a WINS server. To read more about the problem or offer your expertise, use the following link:
Each month, the Storage Admin channel highlights several articles about important storage topics such as backup and recovery, storage-related hardware and software, and application-specific storage. This week, take a look at Bob Chronister's "Deciding on a NAS Server." Bob discusses several Network Attached Storage (NAS) solutions for small offices.
Have you used a product that changed your IT experience by saving you time or easing your daily burden? Do you know of a terrific product that others should know about? Tell us! We want to write about the product in a future What's Hot column. Send your product suggestions to firstname.lastname@example.org
5. NEW AND IMPROVED
(contributed by Carolyn Mader, email@example.com)
DataDirect Networks released the S2A 3000 Silicon Storage Appliance, a Plug and Play (PnP) appliance that lets you deploy scalable Storage Area Networks (SANs). The appliance supplies an aggregate bandwidth of as much as 800Mbps. The S2A 3000 can manage storage-network environments ranging from 500GB to 14TB capacity. The S2A 3000 Silicon Storage Appliance, which includes the appliance, storage, rack, and enclosures, costs less than $40,000. Contact DataDirect Networks at 818-700-7600.
NovaStor released NovaBACKUP 6.7 and InstantRecovery 3.1, backup and disaster-recovery software for small businesses and home users. NovaBACKUP restores data from backup media to let you recover from data loss or data corruption. The software features built-in CD-R and CD-RW support and supports Windows XP. InstantRecovery is available with the purchase of NovaBACKUP. When used with NovaBACKUP, InstantRecovery protects you from complete system failure or accidental data loss. NovaBACKUP Workstation Edition costs $59.95, and NovaBACKUP Server Edition costs $129.95. Contact NovaStor at 383-230-3469 or 866-849-0354.
Because next Monday is Labor Day in the United States, Windows & .NET Magazine won't be sending out a Storage UPDATE. The newsletter will resume on September 9.
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