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This week's questions cover topics for Exam 70-215: Installing, Configuring, and Administering Microsoft Windows 2000 Server.
You want to enable your network's Windows 2000 machines to communicate with several Novell NetWare servers. On the Win2K computers, you install the NWLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS Compatible Transport Protocol (NWLink). After installing the protocol, you discover that the Win2K machines can communicate with only some of the NetWare servers. What's the most likely reason for this problem, and how would you solve it? (Choose the best answer.)
- You have configured incorrect default gateways or subnet masks on the Win2K computers. Use the Ipconfig utility to check your configurations and make any necessary changes.
- You must change the Internal Network Number on the Win2K computers to enable communication with NetWare servers. You must change the default value of 00000000 to a number that's unique on the local network.
- The frame type isn't correct. You must reconfigure the Win2K computers to support Manual Frame Detection.
- The NetBIOS scope ID isn't correct. To support communication with servers that might have multiple scope IDs, you must specify scope IDs individually for each Win2K computer.
You're monitoring your system to identify any bottlenecks that result from insufficient system resources. You run the System Monitor utility and gather the following data:
% Processor Time (Average): 45% Processor Queue Length (Average): 1 Pages /sec (Average): 3 Average Disk sec/Transfer: 0.8 Disk Queue Length (Average): 4
Which of the following is the most likely bottleneck? (Choose the best answer.)
- Physical Disk
- Network Adapter
You want to deploy Windows 2000 Professional to several hundred computers in your company, and you plan to use third-party disk-imaging software to automate the process. You want to ensure that the computers you send images to don't receive duplicate Security Identifiers (SIDs). In addition, you want to use an answer file to specify unique information (e.g., computer name) for each computer.
Which two Microsoft-supported tools can you use to accomplish these objectives? (Choose all that apply.)
- Recovery Console
- Setup Manager
Answer to Question 1
The correct answer is C—The frame type isn't correct. You must reconfigure the Win2K computers to support Manual Frame Detection. By default, NWLink automatically detects the frame type that its network adapter uses. If NWLink detects no network traffic or detects multiple frame types in addition to the 802.2 frame type, NWLink sets the frame type to 802.2.
To specify multiple frame types, follow these steps:
- Click Start, Settings, Network and Dial-up Connections.
- Right-click a local area connection and click Properties.
- On the General tab, click NWLink IPX/SPX/NetBIOS Compatible Transport Protocol and click Properties.
- Click Manual frame type detection and click Add.
- On the Manual Frame Detection dialog box, select a frame type.
- On the Network Number dialog box, type a network number. Click Add.
- Repeat steps 1 through 6 for each frame type that you want to include. Click OK.
Answer to Question 2
The correct answer is C—Physical disk. % Processor Time values that are consistently high (i.e., greater than 80 percent) with low disk and network counter values indicate a bottleneck at the processor. A sustained Processor Queue Length greater than 2 also generally indicates a processor bottleneck. If the Pages /sec counter value is consistently greater than 5, you might have a memory bottleneck. A high value (i.e., greater than 0.3 seconds) for Average Disk sec/Transfer might mean that the disk controller is continually retrying the disk because of failures. If the counter value for % Disk Time is consistently high and Disk Queue Length is greater than 2, the bottleneck is probably at the physical disk.
For more information, see Optimizing Windows NT for Performance at the Microsoft Web site.
Answer to Question 3
The correct answers are C—Sysprep and F—Setup Manager. Sysprep for Win2K is a simple utility that creates a system on a hard disk for duplication (or cloning) and customization. Sysprep doesn't perform the actual duplication of the master image to target machines (you must use third-party utilities for deployment), but the utility ensures that the SIDs are unique for each target system.
As part of the process of building and deploying a standard image, you'll likely need to customize minor settings and parameters for individual machines. For example, every Win2K computer needs a unique computer name. The Mini-Setup Wizard usually prompts users for remaining information. However, you can use sysprep.inf, an optional answer file, to automate this input if you know the necessary information and don't want the system to prompt users for it. With a sysprep.inf file, you can configure the Mini-Setup Wizard to prompt for certain pieces of information or create a completely automated installation. You can use Setup Manager, a tool available on the Win2K CD-ROM, to help create the sysprep.inf file.
For more information, see Automating Windows 2000 Deployments with Sysprep at the Microsoft Web site.