SEND US YOUR TIPS AND QUESTIONS.
You can also visit Bob Chronister's online Tricks & Traps at http://www.winntmag.com/ forums/index.html.
Q: I upgraded from Windows 95 to Windows NT 4.0. When I try to use Win95 backups to restore data, the system sends me the following error message: Foreign Tape. The tape in the drive must be erased before it can be used. Can I use my Win95 backups to perform a restore in NT?
The format of Win95 and NT backup tapes is completely different. Only Win95 machines can read Win95 backup tapes. If you have FAT drives, you can dual-boot between NT and Win95, then perform a restore. If you're on a network, you can restore the data to a Win95 machine, then move the data over the network. No matter which method you use to perform a restore, you need to start using the NT Backup application. Back up your NT system on new tapes, and save the old Win95 backups.
Q: I can't create user profiles on Windows 98 systems in my Windows NT network. The Win98 systems always store the profiles locally rather than on the NT servers. Can I set up the Win98 profiles to default to my PDC's Profiles directory?
The problem is that Win98 doesn't use the Profiles directory on an NT server—only NT profiles use the Profile directory. However, you can use the following instructions to maintain a current copy of users' profiles on your PDC:
Q: I upgraded from Windows NT 3.51 to NT 4.0. The upgrade process was seamless; however, the process altered some of the files on the Macintosh-accessible volume. Macintosh users cannot see filenames created on a Macintosh system that contain an underscore character; PC users can see the filenames but can't open the files. If I replace the underscore in the filenames with an NT 4.0 underscore symbol, all users can view and open the files. How do I solve this problem?
Upgrade to Service Pack 3 (SP3) or later, and these problems will disappear.
Q: How do I prevent users from mapping network drives?
If you're using FAT, you can prevent mapping only by restricting users' permissions on network drives. NTFS lets you assign permissions at the file level, so you have several options to prevent users from mapping network drives. For example, if you assign No Access to a user or group of users on \%systemroot%\system32\ mprui.dll, none of the users can map a drive. If you assign No Access to \%systemroot%\system32\net1.exe, you further inhibit mapping. If you assign No Access to \%systemroot%\ system32\net.exe, users can't use the Net command (i.e., users can't use a logon script to map drives).
Q: I upgraded to Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 4 (SP4). When my Adaptec SCSI driver is loaded, I get a blue screen and a Stop 0x0000007B message when I boot my machine. Can I fix this problem without reloading NT?
This problem is easy to fix whether you're running FAT or NTFS. SP4 includes two versions of the aic78xx driver for the Adaptec 2940 and 7800 family of SCSI controllers: aic78xx.sys is 26,704 bytes, and aic78xx.001 is 56,272 bytes. To fix your problem, you need to replace the aic78xx driver in the \%systemroot%\winnt\ system32\drivers folder with the aic78xx driver from the i386 directory in SP4.
Complete the following steps to fix the problem on a FAT system:
Complete the following steps to fix the problem on an NTFS system:
Q: What features has Microsoft added to NTFS in Windows 2000 (Win2K)? Can I dual-boot Win2K and Windows NT 3.51 or NT 4.0?
Microsoft has added new features to Win2K's file system, such as disk quotas, encrypted files, journaling, and junctions. Win2K's Encrypting File System (EFS) can automatically encrypt and decrypt files as the OS writes them to and reads them from the hard disk. In addition, the Win2K file system's journaling functionality creates a log of all changes users make to files on the volume. Reparse points let programs trap an open operation against objects in the file system and run the program's code before returning file data. For example, Win2K systems can use junctions, which sit on top of reparse points, to remap an operation to a target object. This functionality is a crucial aspect of the Win2K file system. Finally, administrators can use quota levels, such as Off, Tracking, and Enforced, to control users' access to a drive on a per-user basis.
To answer your second question, when you install Win2K, the installation upgrades any existing NTFS volumes to the Win2K file system. If you're installing Win2K on a system that is running any version of NT other than NT 4.0 with Service Pack 4 (SP4), the installation program will inform you that you won't be able to access earlier NT versions. If you install Win2K on an NT 4.0 machine running SP4, your system can use SP4's ntfs.sys to read from and write to Win2K's file system, but it can't use the Win2K file system's new attributes. The first time you access removable media, your Win2K system will convert it to the Win2K file system. In other words, the Win2K installation process limits your ability to dual-boot Win2K and earlier NT versions.
In addition, critics have complained about NTFS's slow performance relative to FAT. You don't have to be a rocket scientist to predict that Win2K's file system will be even slower than NTFS. Thus, the never-ending upgrade spiral continues—you'll need new hardware to properly implement Win2K.
Q: My company used Windows 95 machines in its NT network because of their easy-to-use faxing functionality. Our new machines run Win98, and we can't fax from these systems. Do you have any suggestions?
Win98 doesn't support faxing. However, you can install the Win95 Exchange client on your Win98 machines and use Win95's fax options.
Q: Can I triple-boot Windows NT, DOS, and Windows 9x directly from the boot.ini file?
You can use third-party software solutions or the following Microsoft-supported method to triple-boot your system. I recommend running FAT16 on all your disk volumes on a triple-booting machine.
The next time you boot NT, you'll have the additional choices of Win9x and MS-DOS 6.22. You must include the new switches, /win95dos and /win95, so NT Startup acts as the Win9x-boot process.
Q: I installed tweak.ui on Windows 95 machines and enabled the Clear last user at logon feature in an effort to increase security. To my amazement, I discovered that I can easily gain access to the desktop without logging onto the domain controller. How do I fix this problem?
A bug in Win9x causes this problem. You can bypass Win9x security if you enable the Require validation by network for Windows access and Clear last user at logon policies. You can bypass the Require validation by network for Windows access restriction by entering a nonexistent domain name in the Domain text box on the logon dialog box. The system will prompt you for a local logon, and you simply press Esc.
Microsoft developed a hotfix for this problem. For more information about this hotfix, go to http://support.microsoft.com/ support/supportnet/default.asp.
Q: If I dual-boot Windows NT and Windows 98, can I use the same swap space to minimize the amount of disk space the two OSs use?
To accomplish this setup, you need to configure NT's pagefile.sys and Win98's paging file. The following steps walk you through the NT and Win98 configuration: