Windows XP and 2000 Tips & Tricks UPDATE—brought to you by the Windows & .NET Magazine Network and the Windows 2000 FAQ site.
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November 25, 2002—In this issue:
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This week, I explain why you can't manually stop Windows 2000's Fax service, why the Magnifier utility might automatically start when you start your machine, and why you might receive an error message when you try to uninstall Windows XP. I also tell you about XP's Automatic Metric feature and how you can disable it.
Around the industry this week, Microsoft has released an update to XP Media Center Edition. The company has also confirmed that it will not distribute an XP second edition. Finally, Microsoft has released Windows .NET Server (Win.NET Server) 2003, build 3716, to beta testers to gear up for the product's release next year.
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NET STOP FAX
The Microsoft Fax Service service is not started. More help is available by typing NET HELPMSG 3521.
- The Undo folder isn't present on the system.
- The Win9xundodirpath and Win9xundointegrityinfo registry values are not present in the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup registry subkey.
or set the folder permissions by typing
attrib -sh c:\undo
If the folder is missing, you can't uninstall the OS.
If the registry information is missing, try restoring a previous registry backup. Again, if this information is missing, you won't be able to uninstall the OS.
Link Speed Metric ------------------------------------------------------------- ------- Greater than 200Mbps 10 Greater than 20Mbps, and less than or equal to 200Mbps 20 Greater than 4Mbps, and less than or equal to 20Mbps 30 Greater than 500Kbps, and less than or equal to 4Mbps 40 Less than or equal to 500Kbps 50
Assigning route costs is useful when you have multiple network connections to one destination. In such a scenario, XP will use the fastest link connection because it will have the lowest cost.
To see the end result, from the command prompt type
The following sample shows metric values assigned for multiple IP routes:
Active Routes: Network Destination Netmask Gateway Interface Metric 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.102 30 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 192.168.1.1 192.168.1.101 20 127.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 1 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.101 192.168.1.101 20 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.102 192.168.1.102 30 192.168.1.101 255.255.255.255 127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 20 192.168.1.102 255.255.255.255 127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 30 192.168.1.255 255.255.255.255 192.168.1.101 192.168.1.101 20 192.168.1.255 255.255.255.255 192.168.1.102 192.168.1.102 30 18.104.22.168 240.0.0.0 192.168.1.101 192.168.1.101 20 22.214.171.124 240.0.0.0 192.168.1.102 192.168.1.102 30 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 192.168.1.101 192.168.1.101 1 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 192.168.1.101 4 1 255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 192.168.1.102 192.168.1.102 1 Default Gateway: 192.168.1.1
In this sample, you can see two interfaces: 192.168.1.101 and 192.168.1.102. The first interface has a metric value of 20, and the second interface has a metric value of 30. The first interface, 192.168.1.101, is a 100Mbps LAN link and the second interface, 192.168.1.102, is an 11Mbps wireless network that connects to my 1Mbps broadband link. Where both interfaces are available, XP would use the lowest metric (i.e., 20), which corresponds to the 100Mbps link.
- Open the Network Connections dialog box (go to Start, Settings, Control Panel, and select the Network Connections applet).
- Right-click the desired link, then select Properties.
- Select "Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)", then click Properties.
- Click the Advanced button.
- Clear "Automatic metric", then enter a metric value between 1 and 9999.
- Click OK to all dialog boxes.
- Ensure that the change has taken effect by typing
at the command prompt.
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