After spending a frustrating evening manually changing the IP settings for my Ethernet and wireless network adapters numerous times, I decided to create a tool that would automatically change IP settings. I wanted it to
be a command-line tool
have easily remembered syntax
make default assumptions
allow me to change all the IP settings at once
allow me to change the IP settings for any card in my system
have integrated Help and version information
The result is SetIP.cmd. This script lets you quickly and easily change the IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS server for Ethernet and wireless network adapters. When you have more than one adapter of a type (e.g., two Ethernet network adapters, two wireless network adapters) the script will display the adapters one by one and let you select the one you want to configure. I've used SetIP.cmd with various versions of Windows XP. It should work fine with Windows 2000, but I haven't done much testing in that environment. Initial reports indicate possible problems with using it on server OSs, such as Windows Server 2003. (I wrote this script for use on client OSs.)
SetIP.cmd uses the Netsh Interface IP commands to change IP settings. Although these commands are useful, their syntax is complicated and difficult to remember. So, SetIP.cmd generates the Netsh Interface IP commands for you. You just need to provide basic information on the command line using syntax that's much easier to remember.
SetIP.cmd uses the following defaults, unless you specify otherwise on the command line:
It sets the IP settings for an Ethernet network adapter.
It sets the IP address to 192.168.1.2.
It sets the subnet mask to 255.255.255.0.
It sets the gateway to netAddress.1, where netAddress is the first three octets of the IP address in a 24-bit subnet (i.e., 192.168.1.1 with the default IP address).
It sets the DNS server to 220.127.116.11.
You can change the Ethernet network adapter, IP address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS defaults by modifying the :PREP section, which Listing 1 shows. (You can download the entire script from the Windows IT Pro Web site.)
To launch SetIP.cmd, you follow the syntax
If you launch the script with no parameters, all the default values just specified are set. When you want the DHCP server to select the IP address, you specify dhcp. When you want a static IP address, you specify that IP address.
The script has three other optional parameters: mask, gw, and dns. You use the mask parameter when you want to change the subnet mask to a value other than the default. The gw parameter lets you set the gateway to a value other than the default. You use the dns parameter to set the DNS server to a value other than the default.
The script also has two optional switches: /w and /nodns, which are case-sensitive. If you're configuring a wireless network adapter rather than an Ethernet network adapter, you include the /w switch. You use the /nodns switch if you want to skip configuring the DNS server setting. (During testing, I often just need to check network connectivity and therefore don't want Netsh to configure the DNS server setting.)
Let's look at some examples. Suppose you want to set an Ethernet network adapter's IP address to 192.168.1.2, subnet mask to 255.255.255.0, gateway to 192.168.1.1, and DNS server to 18.104.22.168. Because the address, subnet mask, gateway, and DNS server settings are the defaults, you just need to run the command
If you want to set a wireless network adapter's IP address to 10.20.30.5 and set its subnet mask, gateway, and DNS server settings to the defaults (255.255.255.0, 10.20.30.1, and 22.214.171.124, respectively), you'd use the command
Setip 10.20.30.5 /w
If you want to set an Ethernet network adapter's IP address to 192.168.2.9, subnet mask to 255.255.255.128, gateway to 192.168.2.2, and DNS server to 192.168.2.12, you'd run the command
If you want the DHCP server to automatically set all the IP settings, you'd use the command
Because I frequently use SetIP.cmd to check network connectivity, I often first set the Ethernet network adapter to a static IP address, then change it back to an IP address generated by the DHCP server, ignoring the DNS server setting in both instances. In this scenario, the commands look like
Setip dhcp /nodns
SetIP.cmd evolved out of my personal testing in various environments and has served me well. I hope you find it equally as useful.
—Matthew C. Miller, CTO, Stability Networks